Benjamin Fulford 04/14/2014 – “Surrender or die,” that is the choice the US cabal government now faces

Posted by benjamin
April 14, 2014
The criminal cabal that hijacked the Republic of the United States of America and turned it into a global pariah have been cornered to a point where they must either surrender or die. This is becoming obvious on many levels. For example, last week even the member nations of the globalist International Monetary Fund lined up 187 to 1 against the United States in an effort to get them to relinquish their veto control of that institution. Even more troubling for the families that control the Federal Reserve Board has been the massive ongoing attack on their petrodollar. In particular, the situation in the Ukraine is turning into a historical cabal defeat. President Vladimir Putin of Russia has begun insisting that Europe and the Ukraine pay for their supplies of Russian gas with something other than US dollars. The Europeans have little choice but to agree to this, thus sealing the fate of the petrodollar. US Corporate Government President Barack Obama, working under orders from puppet masters like George Soros, tried convincing the Middle Eastern oil producing countries to drive down the price of oil and bankrupt Russia but was rebuffed. Obama then turned around and went to the Chinese where, according to Chinese government sources, he offered to hand over to China control over all of South East Asia and Japan if China agreed to use the People’s Liberation Army to put pressure on Russia. The Chinese, however, are fully aware that Obama represents the same regime that tried to kill most of China’s population with ethnically targeted bio-weapons a few years ago and thus will not make a deal with them against Russia. The Chinese however, are insisting that the United Nations move its headquarters to Asia and reform its security council so that it more accurately represents the population of the planet earth. They are also coming to the conclusion that the cabal has no intention of handing over control of the World Bank or the IMF so they are preparing to set up a new institution that will have far more funds available to it than both the World Bank and the IMF combined. The Europeans, for their part, have begun supplying Tesla free energy technology to countries that do not have their own oil and gas resources, like India and Japan, as part of their move against the petrodollar. They want to make sure that there is an option other than a China/Russia or China/US petrocurrency for these countries. It is in this context that Obama is coming to Japan later this month where no doubt he will ask the Abe slave government to help it attack China and Russia, something that will not happen because neither the Japanese military nor the Pentagon forces in Asia are about to go along with such a plan. Few can forget the fact that Obama represents a widely hated pariah regime. Let us review exactly what sort of regime Obama represents by looking at its activities over the recent past. First of all, this regime remotely hijacked Malaysian airlines flight 370 and flew it, via Diego Garcia Island and Israel to Florida, where it was loaded with a nuclear weapon. This plane was then flown towards Holland where it was used as a threat against world leaders gathered there for a “nuclear terror summit.” The plane was stopped by the Dutch air-force and, the only thing this stunt accomplished, was further alienate the Europeans from the US corporate government. After his threats failed, Obama asked both Iran and Saudi Arabia (as mentioned above) to help drive the price of oil down and bankrupt Russia. The Saudis, who would face revolution overnight if they ran out of money to bribe their population, are not in a position to drive the price of oil down. Furthermore, they feel betrayed by the Obama in places like Syria and have already publicly announced they are no longer a Federal Reserve Board client state. The Iranians, who know full well the Feds have been trying to nuke them or bankrupt them for years, also refused to play ball. Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan has also decided to stop supporting the Nazi linked Muslim Brotherhood and is said to regret his past moves to support them in Syria and elsewhere. It was in this dire context that last week representatives of the Rockefeller and Bush families had negotiations with a representative of the White Dragon Society. The Bush representative, a senior manager of the Carlyle Hedge Fund who personally knows George Bush Sr., tried to convince the WDS that “Bush was really not that smart or powerful.” He also said that the perhaps the ultra-rich should flaunt their wealth less. The Rockefeller representative cited all the recent progress in computer technology, such as smart-phones with GPS and super-high resolution TV screens as proof the US cabal was doing a good job. The Rockefeller representative was told that although these were nice things, they were a far cry from the future of inter-planetary travel we had all expected to have been fully underway during the 21st century. In other words, it is clear the planet earth is under quarantine because of the criminal mass murdering cabal that controls the US government. The Bush representative was shown a hand-written note demanding that corporate media in the US start broad-casting the truth about 911 and 311 before the end of this month and that all funds stolen by the cabalists be returned to their rightful owners. The rest of the contents of the note are not known but it goes without saying that a lot of powerful people have run out of patience and are demanding an end to Nazi trouble-making around the world. The WDS is being inundated with demands that these criminals be rounded up and put in prison, if not killed outright, ASAP. They are proven mass murderers and any member of the CIA or Pentagon or other agencies who is in a position to do something about these scum must either act or it is guaranteed they will sooner or later be jailed as accomplices. These people include George Bush Sr. and Jr. and their immediate family, Donald Rumsfeld, Michael Chertoff, Frank Carlucci, James Baker, Michael Hayden, General Richard Myers, Benjamin Netanyahu, etc. The Blood Moon demands either justice or retribution. Source:

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America’s Secret History: 5 Important Facts You Were Never Taught In School

By Dr. Ilya Sandra Perlingieri Guest Writer for Wake Up World “We are either going to have a future where women lead the way to make peace with the Earth, or we are not going to have a human future at all.” ~ Dr. Vandana Shiva History, as the saying goes, “belongs to the victor.” Oftentimes, this unfortunately, results in biased and totally distorted history. In my own American archival research, I have discovered that the American history we continue to learn in both public and private schools and universities has been drastically manipulated. “Lies” might be the more accurate word. Today, we do not have any real accounting, or public discussion, or textbooks – and very few other books – about what really happened in our past, since the signing of our Declaration of Independence in 1776. These lies actually go back further than the founding of this country. What we have might accurately call his-story. Even with all the distortions and deceit, it is certainly not even a “collective” narrative; and despite 40 years of feminist scholarship, it still does not include much about women – the other half of our population – or people of color. There is an enormous amount of research on these marginalized and forgotten people. The problem is that most of the research stays in obscure journals, and doesn’t get into mainstream texts – that are already biased. The corporate-controlled media is also part of this massive deception. They do not report the truth, but are part of a vast and corrupt cover-up. It is all about “Orwellian” news. This includes the New York Times, Chicago Tribune, Washington Post, even the PBS News Hour… the list goes on and on. Mainstream News is a wasteland – here and all over the globe. This article is a short accounting of some major historical issues/events that we never learned in school. However, they are vital to our understanding of the corruption, coverup, and depth of lies and deceit that continues to be perpetrated on all Americans – all with the collusion of public officials from one century to another. This remains an invisible but, nonetheless, criminal compact of enormous proportions. It affects all Americans and everyone else on the planet. I urge everyone to read this, share it with everyone you know, and do your homework over the 4th of July Nationwide General Strike for which United We Strike and I are calling. The New World dis-Order plan of lies and deceit is over. We will no longer buy into their “USA Inc.” This was a corporate-planned nightmare that has deliberately destroyed our country and Gaia’s ecosystem for the benefit of banksters and other elites – all at the expense of the 99% rest of us.

Unknown American History

1: Incorporated “Government” Entities We are no longer under our original 1789 “Constitution for the united states of America.” It was destroyed by stealth when the Act of 1871 was treasonously passed by a criminal Congress. This made Washington, D.C., a corporation beholden to England’s bankers. The District of Columbia is a separate city state, just as are Vatican City and the inner part of London. All three geographic areas are key centers of interlocking financial power for this planet. After the Civil War, America was in deep financial trouble – essentially, it was bankrupt. So, on February 21, 1871, the 41st Congress [with NO AUTHORITY to do this!] “creates a separate form of government for the District of Columbia” [Washington, D.C.] for this area’s 10-square miles. This “was a strategic move by foreign interests (international bankers) who were intent upon gaining a stranglehold on the coffers and neck of America. Congress cut a deal with the international bankers (specifically the Rothschilds of London) to incur a debt to said bankers. Because the bankers were not about to lend money to a floundering nation without serious stipulations, they devised a way to get their foot in the door of the United States.” See: By this act, Washington, D.C., and then eventually all the other states became a corporation that was “owned by foreign interests” and beholden to the banksters. It then began operating via Private International Law. America, then had a new and illegal constitution, called: “THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA”. (Note all capital letters, and “OF” was substituted for the original “for.” Our original Constitution was spelled this way: “The Constitution for the united states of America”). The District of Columbia then became an INCORPORATED government – no longer a republic. This new “CONSTITUTION” is a separate and illegal document that benefits the corporations – not us! Over the ensuing decades – and again by stealth and with the complicity of Congress (could this have even been done without Congress?) – this became the illegal corporate takeover of all the other states. This form of corporate law is based on Roman Civil Law and Admiralty or Maritime Law – not Common Law. None of this is taught to us in any school! The complexity and deceit are ENORMOUS. For 142 years, this façade has been ILLEGALLY in place with the help of public officials, the media, and the three branches of “US Inc.” government and their corrupt corporate agencies. To add to this criminality, in 1892, the Bankers’ Manifesto was adopted, stating: “We [the bankers] must proceed with caution and guard every move made, for the lower order of people are already showing signs of restless commotion. Prudence will therefore show a policy of apparently yielding to the popular will until our plans are so far consummated that we can declare our designs without fear of any organized resistance. The Farmers Alliance and Knights of Labor organizations in the United States should be carefully watched by our trusted men, and we must take immediate steps to control these organizations in our interest or disrupt them…. “The courts must be called to our aid, debts must be collected, bonds and mortgages foreclosed as rapidly as possible. “When through the process of the law, the common people have lost their homes, they will be more tractable and easily governed through the influence of the strong arm of the government applied to a central power of imperial wealth under the control of the leading financiers. People without homes will not quarrel with their leaders.” Remember this was written in 1892. More than a decade later, and while in office (from 1907-1917) Congressman Charles A. Lindbergh, Sr., revealed the Bankers’ Manifesto to Congress – and thus to the American people. See p. 2-3 at: Then, in 1913, The fraudulent Federal Reserve Act was passed, again putting our finances into the hands of private banksters. All present and succeeding debts of the U.S. Treasury were assumed by the Federal Reserve (a municipal corporation). Remember, the Federal Reserve is a private banking consortium. It has been in business for 100 years, and this whole time has been stealing from us. Here is more information. See p. 6: By 1933, the “Federal Reserve Notes” (basically paper money with no intrinsic worth) were no longer backed by gold, just “backed by the credit of the nation”. What happens when the “nation” is bankrupt, as it is now? Essentially, this means that Congress does not work for us. So-called “public” officials are working for US Inc. “WE THE PEOPLE” HAVE BEEN DUPED! 2: Unlawful Constitutional Amendments a) There are two original Amendments that must get widespread coverage. Firstly, the original 13th Amendment was deleted (sometime before the Civil War) without any public discussion. This is not in any of the current “CONSTITUTION” printings or online. This is the original: “No title of Nobility can be granted by the United States [NOTE: not all capital letters] and no person holding any office under them can, without the consent of Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title of any kind whatever from any King, Prince or Foreign State. “Any Citizen of the United States accepting, claiming, receiving, or retaining,any title of nobility or honour, or, without the consent of Congress, accepting and retaining any present, pension, office, or emolument, of any kind whatever, from any Emperor, King, Prince or Foreign Power, such person ceases to be a citizen of the United States, and is incapable of holding any office under them or either of them.” Without any public discussion, this amendment was deleted. In its place is now the Abolishing of Slavery. b) The 16th Amendment was only ratified by four states. This is the original text: AMENDMENT XVI Passed by Congress July 2, 1909. Ratified February 3, 1913. “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever sources derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.” Therefore, without proper ratification, this amendment is actually null and void. Yet, it is included in current printings of the now corporate and illegal CONSTITUTION. See: We do not now, nor ever have had to pay federal taxes! More information is available through the courageous work of former IRS Agent, Joe Banister who became a whistle-blower. Here is his 2-part interview: Part 1: Part 2: To support this even further, former IRS Commissioner Steven Miller (who was “asked to resign”) has recently admitted on May 17, 2013, that paying taxes “are voluntary”. See: Former IRS Commissioner Steven Miller says income tax is voluntary In addition, film director, the late Aaron Russo has done an investigative documentary about the IRS cover-up that is essential for everyone to see. This is an eye-opener for those who are unfamiliar with this massive government deception. PLEASE SHARE THIS WIDELY! View: America: Freedom To Fascism (Directors Cut) on YouTube 3: The U.S. is under Martial Law We have been under Martial Law, since the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln instituted Martial Law during the Civil War. However, after he was assassinated, it was never rescinded. This is in part, why we have a centuries-long scenario of “perpetual” wars – one war after another to feed the out-of-control greed of the banksters, while millions of people lost their lives in wars deliberately created for corporate and elite profits on “both” sides. Any current “threats” of instituting Martial Law are spurious, because it is already there. 4: Your Social Security Number (SSN) This 9-digit number was created in 1936, supposedly to track your earnings and benefits. It does far more than that. It is “another excise tax imposed on income, in addition to other taxes” and according to the Internal Revenue Code, has nothing to do with “insurance.” The Code reads: IRC (Internal Revenue Code) 3101. Rate of tax. 
(a) Old-age, survivors, and disability insurance [my bold italics]. In addition to other taxes, there is hereby imposed on the income of every individual a tax equal to the following percentages of the wages (as defined in section 3121(a)) received by him with respect to employment (as defined in section 3121(b) [See:] As noted in this chapter just cited above, “social” means “public” and “security” is corporation stock. This means: “When you get a social security number, you are activating or creating the public stock (security) of the corporation known as the United States, stock created for you to use, which adds to their collateral. By getting a social security number you declare yourself to be public stock of the U.S. government. You ARE a social (public) security, with a security number, you do not GET social security insurance!” [See above-cited link.] This Social Security number belongs to the US Inc. government and, your name, in ALL CAPS, is included. This makes you a U.S. Corporate [US Inc.] “citizen.” This number means you declare yourself to be a public “stock” of the US Inc. government. We became collateral for US Inc. to acquire debt. Did we ever learn this in any classroom? 5. Your Birth Certificate Number Remember, now we are under Admiralty Law, the law of the seas. The UCC (Universal Commercial Code, the bible of business all over the earth) coordinates and harmonizes all 50 states’ sales. This code is based on ancient Vatican Canon Law. Going back to the days of the Caesars in Rome (and Roman Canon Law), the Roman Empire established that all nations worked on a “level” playing field. These regulations STILL exist “under the Roman Catholic Church” and the UCC. Birth registration or “certificates” started in 1921, under the federal Sheppard-Towner Maternity Act. This was another bill of goods “sold” to a duped and un-informed public who were then told it would “reduce maternal and infant mortality, protect the health of mothers and infants, and for ‘other purposes’.” One of those ‘other purposes’ provided for the establishment of a federal bureau designed to cooperate with state agencies in the overseeing of its operations and expenditures. What it really did was create a federal birth registry which exists today, creating ‘federal children.’ This government, under the doctrine of “Parens Patriae,” [Latin: one’s country’s parent, ie. government] now legislates for American children as if they are owned by the federal government. Through the public school enrollment process and continuing license requirements for most aspects of daily life, these children grow up to be adults indoctrinated into the process of asking for “permission” from the government… to do all those things necessary to carry out daily activities that exist in what is called a ‘free country.’” [See:] At birth, the parents do not get an original birth certificate. They get a copy which is written on Exchequecher bank note paper that is owned by the [British] Crown – “even for Americans. The corporation of the U.S. is registered at the Inner City of London and a Roman enclave of the Vatican.” See: is my name printed in all capital letters on my bank card+driver’s licence Basically, your birth certificate is the way your parents register you with the government as a corporation. Further, since 1933, when the U.S. went bankrupt, our birth and marriage certificates “pledge the people as collateral against those loans and municipal bonds taken out with the Federal Reserve’s banks.” [See: macquirelatory, just cited above.] Our birth certificates are a security; and they are traded on the New York Stock Exchange. We are owned by the international bankers; and we work as perpetual debt slaves. Watch: “Your Birth Certificate is a Stock on the NYSE” on YouTube. See also, Ellen Brown and her website (essential reading): So, these numbers, “our” numbers, are traded regularly on the Stock Market. Why do you think when you call to see if a company is hiring, you have to go through a division known as Human Resource? The people are resources to the government, their birth certificates are a security on the New York Stock Exchange, which is why if you look at all birth certificates in America, it will say at the bottom this is printed on security paper, do not accept if not on full color security paper. At the bottom, you will always have a series of numbers, red numbers printed on the birth certificate, in which those numbers are a security stock exchange number on the World Stock Exchange, in which the American people are worth money to the International Bank that bought the government in the 1930′s. [See: macquirelatory, cited above] This is Just the Tip of the Proverbial Iceberg To take this idea a bit further, the depths of the deceit go down miles and miles into the “ocean.” The educational system (along with most other institutions and agencies) is so riddled with corruption, we never have known either our real collective stories or what is really happening today. Everything is an Orwellian façade of massive proportions – all deliberately created. We are already a society that is dumbed-down and heavily poisoned through the water, food supply, dangerous vaccines, and air and soil rife with lethal aerosol Chemtrails and other immune-supressing hazards. We have been set up to be automatons. Robots are glorified in the movies. This global societal paradigm is based on harm and fear. That is in the movies, on TV, and in war stories that are all glorified. So, children learn hate and fear at an early age. It is passed on from generation to generation. The lyrics in Rogers and Hammerstein’s 1949 musical “South Pacific” say it all: “You’ve got to be taught to hate and fear, You’ve got to be taught from year to year, It’s got to be drummed in your dear little ear You’ve got to be carefully taught. You’ve got to be taught to be afraid Of people whose eyes are oddly made, And people whose skin is a diff’rent shade, You’ve got to be carefully taught. You’ve got to be taught before it’s too late, Before you are six or seven or eight, To hate all the people your relatives hate, You’ve got to be carefully taught!” Watch: “You’ve Got To Be Carefully Taught” from South Pacific (1949) on YouTube. This is a society gone amok for centuries! It is truly a wrong and destructive timeline. Glorifiying harm and fear never works. It perpetuates a scenario that was deliberately created by those in charge. That is over, as attested to by all the on-going global-wide demonstrations. Music, Healing for the Soul: New Creative Priorities We are not taught to think critically, analytically, or creatively. We do not usually think ouside the proverbial box. Chronic EMF poisoning doesn’t help us to think clearly either. What is the first thing that gets cut in any fiscal state budget crisis? The “ARTS.” Music. Dance. Painting. Sculpture. Poetry. Writing. The Needle arts. First the programs are cut. Then the schools close. This is not imaginary! I know countless school arts programs that have been cut – even decades ago. Now the schools are closing. (Is the out-of-control war budget being cut?) The list of our creativity is HUGE! This is our souls on fire! Oh, the joys of playing the piano, or knitting a sweater, or writing, or embroidering something ravishing! We are culturally bankrupt. If children do not learn the magical and rewarding aspects of creativity – what then do we have? Music reaches us at our soul’s depths. It connects us to a higher state of consciousness. Just last week PBS-TV did a news feature on the skyrocketing costs of studying at Julliard and the fact that more and more concerts and musical events have fewer and fewer young people. If budgets are being slashed for the arts, it is no wonder! See: Instead, we need the inspiration of musicians such as the dynamic Gustavo Dudamel, principal conductor of the LA Philharmonic. Before he was appointed its conductor in 2009 – at age 28! – he taught music to thousands of children in Venezuela with an incredible program called “La Sistema” – teaching clasical music to impoverished children. This is an artistically inspirational program that is “based on the principle that music can be a force of social good that has transformed the lives of more than 400,000 poor Venezuelan children.” See: Or, the remarkable Monica Huggett, artistic director of Portland Baroque Orchestra [] and also artistic advisor, baroque violin at Julliard. With impressive credentials and inspiring concerts, she developed PBO’s marvelous children’s concerts that have inspired countless children in the greater Portland, OR – Seattle, WA area. See: Baroque Incorporated/Monica Huggett on YouTube These are the kinds of creative people we need to inspire us! To expose our children and grandchildren to these musicians is the real direction we can go culturally and spiritually, too. This will help heal our psyches. I have been very fortunate to have been exposed to classical music from the time I was very young. Music is key in my life. I am now sharing this passion with my grandchildren. When my granddaughter was 3 ½, I took her to her first ballet performance. After the performance she was dancing and laughing for the next three hours. It was transformative for her! Since my other granddaughter was 5, I have taken her to several classical children’s concerts with the Portland Baroque Orchestra. It is very special time we share together; and I am passing on to her my passion for music. This is Monica Huggett’s tremendous musical gift for all children! Our New Society Around our globe, we need a completely new societal paradigm! We need to teach our children the vital importance of LOVE! This is something I did with my own children decades ago. With each step, and with millions of people around the world already living their lives based in love, caring, compassion, sharing, ethical values, and a higher spiritual good, some of this New Society is already in the works. Millions of people around the globe are already joining together to create this marvelous New Society! We must also take very good care of Gaia, our Mother Earth! I believe very deeply that this is a scared responsibility for us. She has been suffering for not just decades, but centuries. The harm that people have done is enormous. The trees are dying. The animals are being wiped out. The web of life has been under deliberate cabal attack. They orchestrated this. Now, we are taking back our sovereignty. With that, we have to assume a primary responsibility as Gaia’s sacred caretakers. Instead of harm, we can join together in a task of love to repair her oceans and help all the wondrous cetaceans and other sea creatures who call this home. We can plant trees and bring back Gaia’s “lungs” – without which we cannot breathe! We can clean the soil and rid it of Chemtrails, GMOs, and pesticides. We can join in tasks of healing that will go to the core of who we truly are. We have that Divine Courage. No matter where we live, this old, worn-out system is beyond any repair. It is unfixable. So, I am urging everyone to take time over the 4th of July and do your homework and become informed sovereign citizens. There is no 237th anniversary year since 1776 to celebrate, because of all of the above deception. The 4th of July is a complete corporate-government fiction. Let us join together in Peace and Love, Harmony and Compassion, Kindness and Joy. Let us set an example to others by being heart-centered while working from the highest ethical spaces of an elevated consciousness. Let us reach for the stars! Remember: the harmony of the spheres truly is the harmony in our hearts. We can use these four days to create a transformative national scenario that can go global. We begin with heart-centered steps of Love. We come from meditative spaces deep in our hearts to create these new bonds. They are based upon a completely different direction from what we see. We now see that we can not only do this, but we can heal our hearts, heal our relationships, and heal Gaia. It is all inter-related. It is the path that has the highest good for all of us. It is the path that brings us tremendous healing through the extraordinary power of Love. A Note to Readers Outside the United States: Although this article is geared to Americans, I would urge anyone reading this to do the necessary research in your country that is available via the Internet. This cabal deception is a global one, perpetrated on all of us! It is a vast theme and variations. We are now in the process of changing that. I also want to thank political writer Jim Kirwan for all his courage in writing about US Inc. many years ago. See: Previous articles by Dr. Perlingieri Connecting the Dots: Solutions to America’s Invisible Health Crises Connecting the Dots: Vaccines, Heavy Metals, GMOs and Brain Damage Do You Want To Be RFID Chipped? Another Hidden Secret in Obama-Care Chemtrails: the Consequences of Toxic Metals & Chemical Aerosols on Human Health Aerosol Crimes: Illness & Weather Modification in Los Angeles Chemtrails: Do You Have Heavy Metals Poisoning? Chemtrails & Pollution Assault: Support Your Immune System Dr. Ilya Perlingieri Speaks at the “Consciousness Beyond Chemtrails” Conference About the author: Dr. PEnvironmental writer and educator Dr. Ilya Sandra Perlingieri is the author of the book “The Uterine Crisis”, the result of 15 years of independent research linking women’s reproductive illnesses with invisible environmental toxins. London’s “The Ecologist” calls this book an “inspiration”. For decades, Dr. Perlingieri has been writing about the links between chronic exposure to invisible environmental toxins and dramatic increases in illness. Her cross-disciplinary lecture at the first US Chemtrails conference in August 2012 was live-streamed to 30 countries. Dr. Perlingieri continues to take a cross-disciplinary approach to all her research. She has a background in both science and art. In addition to her graduate academic degrees, she also has had formal herbal training and studies in the US, London, and Italy. Editor’s note: since the publication of this article, Dr. Perlingieri has sadly passed away. Rest in peace “Dr. P” Source:  

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Vatican to Digitize 41 Million Pages of Ancient Manuscripts

Doors leading to the Salone Sistino, a reading room for printed books in the Vatican Apostolic Library (courtesy of the Vatican Library) Doors leading to the Salone Sistino, a reading room for printed books in the Vatican Apostolic Library (via Vatican Library) What happens when a wide swath of history — previously only explored by white-gloved librarians and erudite historians — is made available to anyone with a solid internet connection? Thanks to the Pope, we’ll soon find out. The Vatican Apostolic Library has announced it will digitize all 82,000 manuscripts in its 135 collections with the help of a Japanese IT company. That’s 41 million pages spanning nearly 2,000 years of church history that will soon be clickable, zoomable, and presumably, printable. When all is said and done, you’ll be able to read the Psalms handwritten across 13th-century vellum on your iPhone — so long as you speak ancient Greek. Page from 'Codex Vaticanus,' one of the oldest surviving manuscripts of the Greek Bible, kept in the Vatican Library (image via Wikipedia) Page from ‘Codex Vaticanus,’ one of the oldest surviving manuscripts of the Greek Bible, kept in the Vatican Library (image via Wikipedia) The news comes just months after the Polonsky Foundation funded the digitization of 1.5 million pages from both the Vatican and the Bodleian libraries, as we wrote about here. (The first batch of those manuscripts went online in January; take a look). While the earlier project is limited in scope, covering only Greek and Hebrew manuscripts and a selection of early books, the latest effort will preserve the remainder of the Vatican’s entire collection, reaching from the 2nd century into the 20th. NTT DATA, the firm hired for the job, is starting out with a manageable chunk of some 3,000 works, to be scanned and uploaded over a four-year period. Once that first round is digitized, you’ll be able to spend screen time with Botticelli’s wonderfully weird illustrations for Dante’s Divine Comedy, which he drew for Lorenzo the Magnificent (the patron who had the artist’s painting “Primavera” hanging in his house). You’ll also be able to peruse the illuminated Urbino Bible, a remarkable Florentine miniature commissioned by Federico da Montefeltro, whose curious profile Pierro della Francesca famously depicted. A page from the Urbino Bible (courtesy of the Library of Congress) Page from the Urbino Bible (via Library of Congress) The hallowed library has been stocking its bookshelves since 1451, when it was founded by Pope Nicholas V — you know, the guy who issued the Papal Bulls condoning the slave trade. And since separation of church and state has never been the Vatican’s strong suit, the digital archive will have much relevance beyond the world of Christendom. For example, the first phase will include 11 graceful watercolors of Japanese dancers dating from between the 16th and 18th centuries, a pre-Colombian Aztec book, an illuminated Hebrew manuscript from the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides, and 73 fragments from an early Kufic Qur’an. If those aren’t old enough for you, how about a volume of Virgil dating to 400 CE, once studied by the painter Raphael? It contains one of the few surviving examples of illustration in a Roman text. Whether the new digital archive is merely an inevitable outcome in our technological age or another step by Pope Francis to try to make Catholicism more accessible, it’s an exciting project for those who want to explore world history firsthand. Who knows what discoveries lie in wait for the bored, bright kid who loses himself in that online trove? Source:

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